The benefits of adapted sports activities


Exercise and participation in sports should be enjoyed by everyone, regardless of physical ability.

Additionally, health and fitness guidelines state that an adult should get at least 150 minutes of exercise each week for moderately intensive workouts. Alternatively, one should do 75 minutes of high intensity training. However, this is not possible if one has an ability that alters an injury or disease. Even aging could harm a previously active person.

This is why adaptive sports are an incredible idea in the field of health and fitness.

According to, adaptive sports allow typical sports activities to be modified to allow people with different disabilities to exercise. These sports use a classification system that categorizes people with physical difficulties in order to find a sport that suits them; putting them on the same level with other people.

For example, according to, there are 10 eligible disability types in para-athletics; eight physical disabilities as well as one visual and one intellectual disability.

These are categorized as T11-13 (visual impairment), T20 (intellectual impairment), T35-38 (coordination disorders (hypertonia, ataxia and athetosis)), T40-41 (short stature), T42-44 (limbs inferiors in competition without a prosthesis affected by a deficiency in a limb, a difference in leg length, a reduction in muscle power or a reduction in passive range of motion). There are also T45-47 (Upper limb(s) affected by limb impairment, impaired muscle power, or impaired passive range of motion) and T61-64 (Limb(s) inferior(s) in competition with a prosthesis affected by a deficiency of a limb and a difference in leg length).

T is for track, while the number, say 37, shows the sport among field events, three is cerebral palsy while seven shows the athlete has weakness or spasticity on one side of the body. indicates that this detailed classification system allows fair competition between the different participants.

However, physical trainer Jackie Kisame says classification is not enough for people with disabilities to have confidence and enjoy fair play on the pitch.

“There are several mechanisms that need to be added, say the training track to help these people. For example, a visually impaired athlete will need the starting point of the running track well chalked. If possible, have a running guide will help them run better,” she says.

With a disability, there are things you can’t do. Therefore, says Kisame, there is no need to put pressure on yourself.

“Don’t focus on what you can’t do. For example, if your leg has been amputated, there’s no need to try running as if you have both limbs. Or, if you lose a hand , you don’t have to worry about your inability to participate in netball like you used to. The focus is on making sure you stay active, so look at what you can do in your current state. and improve your abilities,” she says.

Since people with disabilities generally work in groups, even access to services and activities is done by the same. Therefore, Kisame advises people with disabilities to be part of a group.

“These groups not only give you a place to train, but are also useful for providing support in times when one feels unable to cope. Working in a group also means sharing knowledge to help people cope. grow,” she said.

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Richard V. Johnson